The nuclear program of Iran became an issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of their two previous unreported nuclear facilities back in 2002 on the month of August. The two of the facilities that they have which is the uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and also the heavy water reactor based on Arak comes with two possible nuclear weapon application.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following the negotiations made by the EU-3 that is Germany, France and also the UK back in October 2003, Iran then agreed to suspend all of its activities on uranium enrichment. The EU-3 also acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and promised in supplying Iran with modern technology after it could provide enough assurance to its international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
For about the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran different benefits as a result of its permanent cessation on its uranium enrichment ad the other activities that are associated with the nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. But Iran rejected this kind of offer and its Iranian nuclear officials in fact considers this as very insulting and this is also very humiliating.
Both the US and EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in referring Iran to the United Nations Security Council on any possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran then informed IAEA on its second uranium enrichment facility, which is under construction that’s near the city of Qom. Britain, US and France also issued a joint statement that argues that the disclosure of its recet secret facility is growing a concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But Iran claimed that it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After the revelation, Iran also attended the negotiations with its representatives from its permanent members of the IAEA as well as the UNSC. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran likewise proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal then went to nowhere.